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TOM HANKS

180px-TomHanks1989Thomas Jeffrey “Tom” Hanks (born July 9, 1956) is an American actor. Hanks worked in television and family-friendly comedies before achieving success as a dramatic actor portraying several notable roles, including Andrew Beckett in Philadelphia, the title role in Forrest Gump, Commander James A. Lovell in Apollo 13, Captain John H. Miller in Saving Private Ryan, Michael Sullivan in Road to Perdition, Sheriff Woody in Disney/Pixar‘s Toy Story, and Chuck Noland in Cast Away. Hanks won back-to-back Oscars for Best Actor in 1993-94. His domestic box office totals, which exceed $3.3 billion, make him the second most successful actor

Hanks again climbed back to the top with his portrayal of an unsuccessful baseball manager in A League of Their Own (1992). Hanks admits that his acting in earlier roles was not great and that he has improved. In an interview with Vanity Fair, Hanks notes his “modern era of moviemaking … because enough self-discovery has gone on…. My work has become less ‘pretentiously fake and over the top.” This “modern era” welcomed in a spectacular 1993 for Hanks, first with Sleepless in Seattleand then with Philadelphia. The former was a blockbuster success about a widower who finds true love (in the character of Meg Ryan) over the airwaves. Richard Schickel of Time called his performance “charming”, and most critics agreed that his portrayal ensured him a place among the premiere romantic-comedy stars of his generation, making him bankable.

In Philadelphia, he played a gay lawyer with AIDS who sues his firm for discrimination. Hanks lost thirty-five pounds and thinned his hair in order to appear sickly for the role. In a review for People, Leah Rozen stated “Above all, credit for “Philadelphia’s” success belongs to Hanks, who makes sure that he plays a character, not a saint. He is flat-out terrific, giving a deeply felt, carefully nuanced performance that deserves an Oscar.” Hanks won the 1993 Academy Award for Best Actor for his role in Philadelphia. During his acceptance speech he revealed that his high school drama teacher Rawley Farnsworth and former classmate John Gilkerson were gay. The revelation inspired the 1997 film In & Out, starring Kevin Kline as an English Literature teacher who is outed by a former student in a similar way.

Hanks followed Philadelphia with the 1994 summer hit Forrest Gump, and stated: “When I read the script for Gump, I saw it as one of those kind of grand, hopeful movies that the audience can go to and feel … some hope for their lot and their position in life… I got that from the movies a hundred million times when I was a kid. I still do.” Hanks won his second Best Actor Academy Award for his role in Forrest Gump, becoming only the second actor to have accomplished the feat of winning back-to-back Best Actor Oscars. (Spencer Tracy was the first, winning in 1937-38. Hanks and Tracy were the same age at the time they received their Academy Awards: 37 for the first and 38 for the second.)

Hanks’s next project reunited him with Ron Howard in the 1995 movie Apollo 13, in which he played astronaut and commander James Lovell. Critics generally applauded the film and the performances of the entire cast, which included actors Kevin Bacon, Bill Paxton, Gary Sinise, Ed Harris, and Kathleen Quinlan. The movie also earned nine Academy Award nominations, winning two. The same year, Hanks starred in the animated blockbuster Toy Story as the voice of the toy Sheriff Woody

Awards and nominations

Year Award Category Film Result
1988 Academy Award Best Actor Big Nominated
Saturn Award Best Actor Won
Golden Globe Award Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy Won
1993 Academy Award Best Actor Philadelphia Won
Silver Berlin Bear Best Actor Won
Golden Globe Award Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama Won
Golden Globe Award Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy Sleepless in Seattle Nominated
1994 Academy Award Best Actor Forrest Gump Won
Saturn Award Best Actor Nominated
BAFTA Award Best Actor Nominated
Golden Globe Award Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama Won
NBR Award Best Actor Won
SAG Award Outstanding Actor – Motion Picture Won
1998 Academy Award Best Actor Saving Private Ryan Nominated
BAFTA Award Best Actor Nominated
Empire Award Best Actor Won
Golden Globe Award Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama Nominated
SAG Award Outstanding Actor – Motion Picture Nominated
Outstanding Cast – Motion Picture Nominated
1999 SAG Award Outstanding Cast – Motion Picture The Green Mile Nominated
2000 Academy Award Best Actor Cast Away Nominated
BAFTA Award Best Actor Nominated
Golden Globe Award Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama Won
NYFCC Award Best Actor Won
SAG Award Outstanding Actor – Motion Picture Nominated
2002 Empire Award Best Actor Road to Perdition Nominated
2002 AFI Life Achievement Award Life Won
2007 Golden Globe Award Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy Charlie Wilson’s War Nominated

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